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Domestic Violence – Sexual Abuse

Domestic Violence – Sexual Abuse

Sexual assault and abuse is any sort of non-consensual sexual activity that you do not agree to. Sexual abuse can happen to any man or woman of any age that includes any form of sexual activity without the person’s consent. Sexual assault can be verbal, visual, or anything that forces a person to join in unwanted sexual contact or attention. This form of violence in an abusive relationship is another form of violence, control and degradation. Victims whose partners abuse them physically and sexually are at a higher risk of being seriously injured or killed.

Rape is a common form of sexual assault and it can happen in different situations: by someone you know, on a date, by a friend or an acquaintance by someone you know or when you think you are alone and in the home or out. Sexual abuse by a partner can include derogatory name calling, refusal to use contraception, deliberately causing unwanted physical pain during sex, deliberately passing on sexual diseases or infections and using objects, toys, or other items (e.g. baby oil or lubricants) without consent and to cause pain or humiliation.

Rape and sexual assault is never the victim’s fault; no matter where or how it happens. Any situation in which you are forced to participate in unwanted, unsafe or degrading sexual activity is sexual abuse. Forced sex, even by a spouse or intimate partner with whom you also have consensual sex, is an act of aggression and violence.

Sexual abuse includes

  • Attempted rape
  • Child molestation
  • Enforced prostitution
  • Enforced sexual practices including being forced to watch or engage in pornography
  • Exhibitionism (when someone exposes him/herself in public)
  • Forcing sex with others
  • Forcing unwanted sexual acts
  • Inappropriate touching
  • Incest (sexual contact between family members)
  • Intimidation or physical force
  • Rape
  • Sexual abuse and exploitation involves using a child for sexual purposes
  • child sexual abuse include fondling, inviting a child to touch or be touched sexually, intercourse, rape, incest, sodomy, exhibitionism, or involving a child in prostitution or pornography
  • Any kissing, fondling, touching, oral/anal sex or sexual intercourse without consent
  • Not stopping sexual contact when asked to
  • Forcing someone to engage in sexual intercourse or any other sexual act
  • Sexual assaults:
  • Forcing someone to participate in unwanted, unsafe, or degrading sexual activity
  • Physical assault
  • Sexual exploitation:
  • Forcing someone to look at pornography
  • Forcing someone to participate in pornographic film-making
  • Sexual harassment:
  • Is any unwelcome behaviour
  • Leering or whistling
  • Outright demands for sexual favours
  • Patting, rubbing or other unwanted physical contact
  • Prevents a person from getting a job, living accommodations or any kind of public service
  • Ridiculing another person to try to limit their sexuality or reproductive choices
  • Sexual in nature that adversely affects, or threatens to affect, directly or indirectly, a person’s job security, working conditions or prospects for promotion or earnings
  • Stalking:
  • Is repeated on numerous occasions and in general serves no legitimate purpose but to cause the recipient to fear for their own and for their safety. Being followed or spied on, receiving threatening and/or unwanted phone calls, e-mails, letters and unwanted gifts.
  • Suggestive remarks, sexual jokes or compromising invitations
  • Verbal abuse
  • Visual display of suggestive images
  • Sexual intercourse that you say no to
  • Vaginal, anal, or oral penetration
  • Voyeurism (when someone watches private sexual act

Physical signs and symptoms of the victim

  • Asthma, respiratory ailments
  • Addiction
  • Chronic back pain
  • Chronic headache
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms/distress
  • Insomnia, sleep disorders
  • Musculoskeletal complaints
  • Obesity, eating disorders
  • Sexual dysfunction

Psychological behaviours of the victim

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Dissociative states
  • Eating disorders
  • Expectation of early death
  • Intolerance of or constant search for intimacy
  • Compulsive sexual behaviors
  • Poor adherence to medical recommendations
  • Poor contraceptive practices
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms
  • Repeated self-injury
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Suicide attempts

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